Ben Uri Gallery & Museum launches 'Midnight's Family: 70 Years of Indian Artists in Britain' exhibition

Lancelot Ribeiro's 1962 Structural Landscape (New Walk Museum & Art Gallery)

Co-curated by Rachel Dickson and Shanti Panchal

Academic advisor: Dr Zehra Jumabhoy, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Exhibition at


This timely exhibition which coincides with the date of Indian Independence (declared at midnight on 15 August 1947) addresses the representation of Indian immigrant artists (both first and second generation) working in Britain for more than 70 years. It is part of the ongoing series of exhibitions and the focus of the ‘Ben Uri Research Unit for the Study of the Immigrant and Jewish Contribution to the Visual Arts in Britain Since 1900’. It is the Research Unit’s first exhibition to explore a non-European émigré artistic community, following previous investigations since 2016 into Austrian, Czech, German and Polish nationals who migrated to Britain - narratives which were significantly impacted by the Second World War and the Nazi domination of Europe.

Ben Uri’s intention is to provide a snapshot of Indian artists in Britain. The exhibition includes artists from varied backgrounds and across different time periods. Modernists, such as F.N. Souza and S.K. Bakre, lived in the UK only briefly, whilst others, such as the Singh Twins, are second generation Britishers who consider this country to be their home. Meanwhile, artists such as Anish Kapoor, feel they are ‘just’ artists, for whom questions of national belonging are incidental. For the last category, both the terms ‘Indian’ and ‘British’ need to be used with circumspection. Hence, the exhibition includes a cross-generational range of practitioners, who work across diverse media and with differing approaches to the question of identity; of being an ‘Indian’ artist in Britain.

Only a small number of major London museum shows have addressed Britain’s South Asian diaspora in the past 30 years, notably, The Other Story: Afro-Asian Artists in Postwar Britain (Hayward Gallery,1989), curated by British Pakistani artist and pedagogue Rasheed Araeen. Dedicated solo shows of Indian artists with a British connection include Tate Britain’s Bhupen Khakhar retrospective in 2016. Commercial galleries, such as Grosvenor Gallery, Osborne Samuel and the Noble Sage have an ongoing focus on Modern and Contemporary South Asian art, and support exhibition and scholarship relating to this cohort and as a result have made London a seminal meeting-point for the South Asian artworld (its artists, curators, academics, collectors and dealers) to congregate.

Ben Uri’s two year in the making transformative reinvention as a distinctive, full scale virtual museum supported by a physical research library, archive and discreet gallery space for snapshot focus presentations of key themes, allows for a more ambitious range of works beyond the pandemic limitations of physical exhibition as well as beyond temporal, geographical and basic practical considerations. This new reality has become another spur contributing to Ben Uri’s strategic shift from the ‘physical’ to the ‘digital’ offering a new pioneering and extensive envelope of online content at

Artists and works

Artists include: key figures who came in the first wave, post 1947, such as F.N. Souza (1924-2002), his half-brother Lancelot Ribeiro (1933-2010), S.K. Bakre (1920-2007), and Avinash Chandra (1931-1991, whose painting was the first modernist work by an Indian artist to enter the national collection at Tate in 1965; Balraj Khanna (b. 1940), Saleem Quadri (b. 1949), Paul Gopal Chowdhury (b. 1949), Anish Kapoor (b. 1954), Dhruva Mistry (b. 1957), Prafulla Mohanti (b. 1936), Shanti Panchal (b. late 1950s; exact date unknown), who all came as adults in the 1960s and 1970s; Sutapa Biswas (b. 1962), who although born in India, grew up in Britain; younger artists who have recently moved here to seek the best art education, such as Raqib Shaw (b. 1974) and Hormazd Narielwalla (b. 1979), whose collage, Bands of Pride is the first work by an Indian émigré artist to enter the Ben Uri Collection; Shivangi Ladha (a recent graduate of the RCA); and those of the second generation who were born in Britain, such as Chila Burman (b. 1957) and The Singh Twins (b. 1966). Across this diverse group, recurring themes and motifs are presented, inspired by autobiography and issues of race and identity, by memories of a lost Indian culture and homeland, and a history and heritage impacted by empire and colonisation. Artworks will range from paintings in various media and techniques, printmaking, works on paper, sculpture and digital mixed media.

Images of the artworks will be accompanied by short biographies for each artist, a curator’s introduction and a scholarly text by Dr Jumabhoy, to provide a wider art historical context. A timeline will further indicate the significant presence of Indian artists within the UK’s exhibition history post 1947.

Notes for editors

For high resolution images and further information, please contact the co-curator of the exhibition, Rachel Dickson at

Ben Uri was founded in 1915 by Jewish émigré artists/craftsmen in London’s East End ghetto, and much of its exhibition history and permanent pre-eminent and core collections (numbering some 800 works) reflects trajectories shaped by narratives of migration, identity and belonging.

Ben Uri is currently closed owing to the coronavirus pandemic